William Carnan1

M, ID# 7801, (a 1725 - )
     William Carnan was born a 1725. He married Susannah "Sukey" Trammell, daughter of John Trammell II and Susanna Harle, c 1750.

Citations

  1. [S503] Road to Difficult.

Kerhappuch Garrett1

F, ID# 7802, (a 1744 - )
     Kerhappuch Garrett was born a 1744. She married Samson Trammell, son of John Trammell II and Susanna Harle, b 1764 at Fairfax Co, Virginia.

Citations

  1. [S470] Mike Marshall, Colonial Settlers of MD and VA.

Margaret Trammell1

F, ID# 7803, (a 1730 - )
Father:John Trammell II (c 1700 - 1755)
Mother:Susanna Harle (a 1700 - bt 1751 - 1753)
     Margaret Trammell was born a 1730. She was the daughter of John Trammell II and Susanna Harle.

Citations

  1. [S470] Mike Marshall, Colonial Settlers of MD and VA.

Robert Pearson1

M, ID# 7804, (a 1692 - )
Father:Thomas Pearson (c 1660 - c 1707)
Mother:Sarah Alexander ?? (1667 - )
     Robert Pearson was born a 1692. He was the son of Thomas Pearson and Sarah Alexander ?? His estate was probated on 5 Mar 1728 at Prince George Co, Maryland.
      Robert Pearson is noted in Sidney Methiot Culbertson's The Hunter Family of Virginia and Connections: Embracing Portions of Families of Alexander, Pearson, Chapman, Travers, Tyler, West, Gray, Smith and Safford of Virginia, and Maclay, Colhoun and Culbertson of Pennsylvania.

Citations

  1. [S470] Mike Marshall, Colonial Settlers of MD and VA.

Francis Pearson

M, ID# 7805, (c 1683 - )
Father:Thomas Pearson (c 1660 - c 1707)
Mother:Sarah Alexander ?? (1667 - )
     Francis Pearson was born c 1683. He was the son of Thomas Pearson and Sarah Alexander ?? Francis Pearson married Elizabeth "Eliza" Houser in 1711 at Prince George Co, Maryland. His estate was probated on 26 Sep 1713 at Prince George Co, Maryland.
      Francis Pearson, planter of Prince George's Co, MD bought 167 acres called Collington for 43£ on 20 Apr 1717 from Elizabeth Beall, widow of Prince George's Co, from the estate of her husband Ninian Beall junior late of Prince George's County by will dated Oct 1710. On 24 Jun 1730 an indenture was created between Samuel Beall, planter, and Rev John Orme, minister, for £41.12 a parcel called Collington, bounded on the east by a parcel sold out of tract to Francis Peirson ... 104 acres; /s/ Saml. Beall, Witnesses: Edw. Sprigg, John Beall; 24 Jun 1730 ack. by Samuel Beall, Sr., and Jane his wife. In his 16 Jul 1713 will Francis Pearson of Prince George's County bequeathed: To wife Eliza, executrix, part of 166 acres "Collington," bought of Eliza Beall. Witnesses: John Barrett Sr, Edward Wellett, John Henry.

Detailed sources:
--Prince George's Co Land Records 1710-1717 - Liber F - folio 207 Indenture, 20 Apr 1711 (Beal - Pearson indenture)
--Prince George's Land Records 1730-1733 - Liber Q, Page 51 (Beal - Orme indenture)
--Maryland Prerogative Court, MD, Wills and Probate Records, Wills, vol 13, 1710-1714, 16 Jul 1713, database online 1604-1878, Provo, UT.

Elizabeth "Eliza" Houser1

F, ID# 7806, (c 1686 - )
     Elizabeth "Eliza" Houser was born c 1686 at Calvert Co, Maryland. She married Francis Pearson, son of Thomas Pearson and Sarah Alexander ??, in 1711 at Prince George Co, Maryland.

Citations

  1. [S470] Mike Marshall, Colonial Settlers of MD and VA.

Simon Pearson II1,2

M, ID# 7809, (c 1767 - )
Father:ENS Simon Pearson I (b 18 Jan 1738 - a 24 Mar 1798)
Mother:Peletiah Graffort (a 1730 - )
     Simon Pearson II was born c 1767 at Fairfax Co, Virginia. He was the son of ENS Simon Pearson I and Peletiah Graffort. Simon Pearson II married Sarah Follin, daughter of William Follin and Bathsheba Hurst, a 1790.
      The 1789 Fairfax Co, VA tax list has both a Simon and a S[imon] junior listed at the residence of Simon Pearson (born ~1738) so Simon II is presumed to be another son of Simon's who became age 22 in 1789.

On 19 Jun 1798 Simon Pearson was summoned to appear as a witness apparently for McGowan in McGowan vs David Hayes and James Thomas junior, and failing to appear, Simon was fined $8.

It is possible that Simon junior is the Simon Pearson who married Sarah Folin. On 26 Jul 1806 a Simon Pearson married Eliz. B. Ellis in Loudoun Co, VA.

On the Fairfax Co Tax List a Simon Pearson was included from 1812 until 1818:
1812: Pearson, Simon 1-0-0-0 (only Simon over age 22)
1813: Pearson, Simon 1-0-0-0
1815: Pearson, Simon 1-1-0-0-1 (Simon and another white male age 16-21 and 1 cow)
1816: Pierson, Simon 1-1-0-0 (Simon and another white male age 16-21)
1817: Pierson, Simon 1-0-1-0 (Simon and a black under age 12)
1818: Pearson, Simon 1-0-1-0


Detailed sources:

--Fairfax Co, VA 1797-1798 Minute Book, 19 Jun 1798, p. 73 (McGowan vs David Daves and James Thomas jr; Simon Pearson jr witness)
--"Virginia, Marriages, 1785-1940," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XR87-C32 : accessed 11 September 2015), Simon Pearson and Eliz'B. Ellis, 26 Jul 1806; citing Loudoun, Virginia, reference P26 of 121; FHL microfilm 32,373.

Child of Simon Pearson II and Sarah Follin

Citations

  1. [S1] "Virginia Winslett Research."
  2. [S471] Simon Pearson Descendant Records.

Thomas Trammell1,2,3

M, ID# 7810, (c 1655 - c 1720/21)
     Thomas Trammell was born c 1655 at Devonshire, England. He immigrated in 1671. He married Mary Alice Williams a 1674. Thomas Trammell died c 1720/21. His estate was probated in 1725/26 at Stafford Co, Virginia.
      Thomas Trammell was born between 1649 and no later than 1654 in England. It is said his family came from France, then lived in Devon and then Suffolk, England.

Divergent opinions exist in regard to Thomas Trammel and his wife's ancestors. Virginia Hunt in 1996, wrote: "ThomasTrammell emigrated to Virginia Colony in the spring of 1671. He probably sailed from Bristol, England. His father was Phillip Trammell, son of Thomas Tremall of Kent and Devon. He married Mary Alice Williams, daughter of John Williams, 1668 in St. Gile Cripplegate, London, England. Died about 1689 in Stafford County, Virginia Colony. They had the following children: I Elizabeth Trammell; II John Trammell Sr; III Daniel Trammell ; IV Ann Trammell. " (sources unknown)

According to another researcher who also did not provide sources, that "Thomas is the son of Phillip is unproven but the only Trammell known to be in the Colony in 1675 was Thomas and there was only one gentleman in England with that family name." Two families descended from King Edward's time about 1600 and seperated into two families, one taking the Treminel name and the other the Tremaille (Trammell) name. Being the younger sons of younger sons would lead them to the Colonies to seek their fortunes.

That Thomas' wife was Mary Williams is also unproven. A clue to Mary's marriage to Thomas is found in a deed dated 26 Oct 1698 in which John, son of Thomas, sold the last of a 500 acre tract of land bequested by John Williams of Ragged Point, Westmoreland Co, VA to John Trammell. Because land was rarely willed outside the family, it is probable that John Williams was the grandfather of John. [Willey Family Tree, as of June 2003.FTW] John is the only proven son of Thomas who may have had a son Daniel and may have had daughters.

Thomas emigrated from Bristol, England in spring 1671 to Virginia as an indentured servant having bound himself to serve Francis Wyeth for four years; it was less than the usual seven years because he must have paid a portion of his transport. After four years service Thomas was acquitted from service and his master Francis Wyeth was to pay him. Wyeth was reluctant to release him and thus he had to get testimony from Capt Moore. "Upon oath of Capt Moore that Thomas Trammell came to this country but for four years, it is ordered that he be acquitted from service and that Mr. Francis Wyeth, his master, do pay him coin and clothes according to custom and costs" on 5 Mar 1674/75, Westmoreland Co, VA. (Minutes of the Council of the General Court of VA, p 450) At the end of his service, Thomas received 50 acres headright of land in the colony. Thomas seemed to have settled in Stafford (previously Westmoreland) Co and eventually owned plantations in St Paul's and Overwharton Parishes, both in Stafford Co. At that time, tobacco was brought to the busy Stafford Co port for export.

At the time of his death in 1720/21 Thomas had plantations in both St. Paul’s and Overwharton Parish in Stafford Co, VA. Records related to his death were destroyed. (Stafford Co, VA Will Book Index, 1721 - 1730, p. 171 -- will book is lost but index exists; Stafford Co, VA will probated between 1725 - 1726; Stafford Co, VA, Book K, p 17; 1725 Inventory of Estate (Book K is one of the lost books.)

The records of the next generation by the name of Trammell in Stafford, Westmoreland, Prince William, Fairfax and Loudoun Counties of Virginia provide the children and grandchildren of Thomas.


Detailed sources:
--Notes of Ronald and Carol Mitchell, 211 Capitol Dr., Pittsburgh, PA
15236, received 19 Dec 1995)
--"Trammell Family of Virginia, Ohio, Arkansas, Missouri and Texas," by Katherine Cox Gottschalk, Manuscript in Salt Lake City Library, Utah, 3 Nov 1948, research done for Commander J. Webb Trammell in 1918 and Earl Wiamken in 1962. Cdr Trammell descended from Gerrard, son of John Trammell, son of Thomas, the immigrant ancestor.

Child of Thomas Trammell and Mary Alice Williams

Citations

  1. [S470] Mike Marshall, Colonial Settlers of MD and VA.
  2. [S503] Road to Difficult.
  3. [S509] Catherine Aselford Research.

Mary Alice Williams1

F, ID# 7811, (c 1652 - )
     Mary Alice Williams was born c 1652 at England. She married Thomas Trammell a 1674.

Child of Mary Alice Williams and Thomas Trammell

Citations

  1. [S470] Mike Marshall, Colonial Settlers of MD and VA.

Mary Anne Trammell1

F, ID# 7812, (1699 - )
Father:John Trammell I (15 Feb 1674/75 - 1730)
Mother:Mary Gerrard (b 1674 - c 1723)
     Mary Anne Trammell was born in 1699 at Stafford Co, Virginia. She was the daughter of John Trammell I and Mary Gerrard.

Citations

  1. [S470] Mike Marshall, Colonial Settlers of MD and VA.

Gerrard Trammell1,2

M, ID# 7813, (1702 - )
Father:John Trammell I (15 Feb 1674/75 - 1730)
Mother:Mary Gerrard (b 1674 - c 1723)
     Gerrard Trammell was born in 1702 at Stafford Co, Virginia. He was the son of John Trammell I and Mary Gerrard. Gerrard Trammell married Mary (Unknown) a 1727.

Citations

  1. [S470] Mike Marshall, Colonial Settlers of MD and VA.
  2. [S503] Road to Difficult.

William Trammell1

M, ID# 7814, (1704 - )
Father:John Trammell I (15 Feb 1674/75 - 1730)
Mother:Mary Gerrard (b 1674 - c 1723)
     William Trammell was born in 1704 at Stafford Co, Virginia. He was the son of John Trammell I and Mary Gerrard.

Citations

  1. [S470] Mike Marshall, Colonial Settlers of MD and VA.

Daniel Trammell1

M, ID# 7815, (1707 - )
Father:John Trammell I (15 Feb 1674/75 - 1730)
Mother:Mary Gerrard (b 1674 - c 1723)
     Daniel Trammell was born in 1707 at Stafford Co, Virginia. He was the son of John Trammell I and Mary Gerrard.

Citations

  1. [S470] Mike Marshall, Colonial Settlers of MD and VA.

Thomas Trammell1

M, ID# 7816, (c 1711 - )
Father:John Trammell I (15 Feb 1674/75 - 1730)
Mother:Mary Gerrard (b 1674 - c 1723)
     Thomas Trammell was born c 1711 at Stafford Co, Virginia. He was the son of John Trammell I and Mary Gerrard.

Citations

  1. [S470] Mike Marshall, Colonial Settlers of MD and VA.

Sampson Trammell1

M, ID# 7817, (1712 - )
Father:John Trammell I (15 Feb 1674/75 - 1730)
Mother:Mary Gerrard (b 1674 - c 1723)
     Sampson Trammell was born in 1712 at Stafford Co, Virginia. He was the son of John Trammell I and Mary Gerrard.

Citations

  1. [S470] Mike Marshall, Colonial Settlers of MD and VA.

David Trammell1

M, ID# 7818, (c 1715 - )
Father:John Trammell I (15 Feb 1674/75 - 1730)
Mother:Mary Gerrard (b 1674 - c 1723)
     David Trammell was born c 1715 at Stafford Co, Virginia. He was the son of John Trammell I and Mary Gerrard.

Citations

  1. [S470] Mike Marshall, Colonial Settlers of MD and VA.

COL Charles Broadwater II (Burgess)1,2

M, ID# 7819, (1719 - 26 Mar 1806)
Father:Charles Broadwater I (1698 - )
Mother:Elizabeth Simms / Semmes (c 1680 - )
     COL Charles Broadwater II (Burgess) was born in 1719 at Overwharton Parish, Stafford Co, Virginia. He was the son of Charles Broadwater I and Elizabeth Simms / Semmes. COL Charles Broadwater II (Burgess) married Anne Amelia Markham, daughter of COL John Markham and Mary Sedgebrook, b May 1746 at Fairfax Co, Virginia. COL Charles Broadwater II (Burgess) died on 26 Mar 1806 at 'Springfield' Plantation, Vienna, Fairfax Co, Virginia.
      Charles Broadwater "was a dynamo -- coroner, sheriff, militia officer, vestryman, justice, large landowner – he was constantly buying land, lending money and taking his neighbors and others into court on charges of debt and trespass. He served in every official position he could, for each public office carried a salary and added to his income as well as his prominence." Charles served as county sheriff for two periods in 1751 - 1753 and again in 1755 - 1757. He was a justice of the Fairfax Co, VA court by at least 1749 and continued as a sitting justice until Nov 1801 before resigning by 18 Jul 1803. Charles sat 531 times of a possible 1226 sessions which would be 42% attendance; note some court order books are missing and there are and he did likely did not sit when he was sherrif because he would have been attending court in a different capacity.

Charles served with George Washington as a member of the House of Burgesses from Fairfax Co in the last session of the colonial assembly in Jun 1775. Broadwater apparently became so prominent his wife became known as Lady Broadwater.

After marriage with Anne, he built a home called Springfield in the 1750s and apparently moved there after 1780.

Two Charles Broadwaters are on the 1790 Fairfax Co, VA federal census: one has three whites, a residence and two outbuldings and the other Charles has three whites with two residences and thirteen outbuildings on his property.

More biographical data and source information for Charles Broadwater are included in the biographies of his step-sons Simon Pearson and Thomas Pearson.

Detailed source:

--Dr. James D. Munson, book name unknown, Fairfax Co, VA court order books, Historic Records Center, 1997 (Charles Broadwater research by Fairfax Co, VA library.)

Children of COL Charles Broadwater II (Burgess) and Anne Amelia Markham

Citations

  1. [S470] Mike Marshall, Colonial Settlers of MD and VA.
  2. [S503] Road to Difficult.

LT Charles Lewis Broadwater1

M, ID# 7820, (1751 - )
Father:COL Charles Broadwater II (Burgess) (1719 - 26 Mar 1806)
Mother:Anne Amelia Markham (1708 - 29 Jun 1796)
     LT Charles Lewis Broadwater was born in 1751 at Vienna, Fairfax Co, Virginia. He was the son of COL Charles Broadwater II (Burgess) and Anne Amelia Markham. LT Charles Lewis Broadwater married Betheland Sebastian, daughter of Benjamin Sebastian I, in 1771.

Citations

  1. [S470] Mike Marshall, Colonial Settlers of MD and VA.

Amelia Broadwater1

F, ID# 7821, (1752 - 29 Feb 1832)
Father:COL Charles Broadwater II (Burgess) (1719 - 26 Mar 1806)
Mother:Anne Amelia Markham (1708 - 29 Jun 1796)
     Amelia Broadwater was born in 1752 at Fairfax Co, Virginia. She was the daughter of COL Charles Broadwater II (Burgess) and Anne Amelia Markham. Amelia Broadwater married Rev Benjamin Sebastian II, son of Benjamin Sebastian I, on 20 Mar 1773 at Fairfax Co, Virginia. Amelia Broadwater died on 29 Feb 1832 at Grayson Co, Kentucky.

Citations

  1. [S470] Mike Marshall, Colonial Settlers of MD and VA.

Margaret Broadwater1

F, ID# 7822, (c 1753 - )
Father:COL Charles Broadwater II (Burgess) (1719 - 26 Mar 1806)
Mother:Anne Amelia Markham (1708 - 29 Jun 1796)
     Margaret Broadwater was born c 1753 at Fairfax Co, Virginia. She was the daughter of COL Charles Broadwater II (Burgess) and Anne Amelia Markham. Margaret Broadwater married William Henderson a 1773.

Citations

  1. [S470] Mike Marshall, Colonial Settlers of MD and VA.

Jane Broadwater1

F, ID# 7823, (c 1755 - )
Father:COL Charles Broadwater II (Burgess) (1719 - 26 Mar 1806)
Mother:Anne Amelia Markham (1708 - 29 Jun 1796)
     Jane Broadwater was born c 1755 at Fairfax Co, Virginia. She was the daughter of COL Charles Broadwater II (Burgess) and Anne Amelia Markham. Jane Broadwater married John Hunter a 1780. Jane Broadwater married John Haycock a 1785.

Citations

  1. [S470] Mike Marshall, Colonial Settlers of MD and VA.

Sarah "Sallie" Markham Broadwater1

F, ID# 7824, (1760 - 9 May 1796)
Father:COL Charles Broadwater II (Burgess) (1719 - 26 Mar 1806)
Mother:Anne Amelia Markham (1708 - 29 Jun 1796)
     Sarah "Sallie" Markham Broadwater was born in 1760 at Truro Parish, Fairfax Co, Virginia. She was the daughter of COL Charles Broadwater II (Burgess) and Anne Amelia Markham. Sarah "Sallie" Markham Broadwater married COL John West a 1780. Sarah "Sallie" Markham Broadwater died on 9 May 1796 at Fairfax Co, Virginia.

Citations

  1. [S470] Mike Marshall, Colonial Settlers of MD and VA.

Charles Broadwater I1

M, ID# 7825, (1698 - )
     Charles Broadwater I was born in 1698 at Godalming, Surrey Co, England. He married Elizabeth Simms / Semmes in May 1716 at Overwharton Parish, Stafford Co, Virginia.
      After their marriage, Charles Broadwater and Elizabeth Semmes Turley West continued to live on the West land at West Grove at Great Hunting Creek.

Child of Charles Broadwater I and Elizabeth Simms / Semmes

Citations

  1. [S470] Mike Marshall, Colonial Settlers of MD and VA.

Elizabeth Simms / Semmes1,2,3

F, ID# 7826, (c 1680 - )
     Elizabeth Simms / Semmes was born c 1680 at Charles City, Virginia. She married John Turley a 1700. Elizabeth Simms / Semmes married MAJ John West II (the elder of Stafford Co), son of CPT John West I (Northumberland), c 1710 at Fairfax Co, Virginia. Elizabeth Simms / Semmes married Charles Broadwater I in May 1716 at Overwharton Parish, Stafford Co, Virginia. Elizabeth Simms / Semmes died at Fairfax Co, Virginia.

Child of Elizabeth Simms / Semmes and MAJ John West II (the elder of Stafford Co)

Child of Elizabeth Simms / Semmes and Charles Broadwater I

Citations

  1. [S470] Mike Marshall, Colonial Settlers of MD and VA.
  2. [S510] James Bish, "Hugh West Family."
  3. [S511] James Bish Research.

Mary Sedgebrook1

F, ID# 7827, (1682 - 1708)
Charts:Benjamin Tappan August lineage
     Mary Sedgebrook was born in 1682 at Westmoreland Co, Virginia. She married COL John Markham in 1702 at Alexandria, Westmoreland Co, Virginia. Mary Sedgebrook died in 1708 at Alexandria, Westmoreland Co, Virginia.
      At the time of Mary Sedgebrook's death, the city of Alexandria was still part of Westmoreland Co, VA; therefore there is a possibility she was also born in Alexandria.

Children of Mary Sedgebrook and COL John Markham

Citations

  1. [S472] Pearson Family.

MAJ John West II (the younger)1

M, ID# 7828, (a 1659 - )
Father:CPT John West I (Northumberland) (a 1632 - 1698)
     MAJ John West II (the younger) was born a 1659. He was the son of CPT John West I (Northumberland).

Citations

  1. [S472] Pearson Family.

Belinda Graffort1

F, ID# 7829, (a 1732 - )
Father:Thomas Grafford I (c 1710 - b 22 Sep 1789)
     Belinda Graffort was born a 1732. She was the daughter of Thomas Grafford I.
      Belinda Graffort is presumed to be the daughter of Thomas Graffort I and a sister or other close relative of Peletiah's, but not her daughter. Simon Pearson's 15 Sep 1761 deed of gift to Belinda Graffort provided her with basic household goods and furniture.

Detailed source:

--Fairfax Co, VA 1756-1763 Minute Book, Part 2, 15 Sep 1761, p. 66 (Simon Pearson deed to Belinda Graffort.)

Citations

  1. [S466] Simon Pearson Deeds.

Thomas Grafford I

M, ID# 7830, (c 1710 - b 22 Sep 1789)
Charts:Benjamin Tappan August lineage
     Thomas Grafford I was born c 1710. He died b 22 Sep 1789.
      Thomas Grafford was a farmer in Fairfax Co, VA who operated Grafford's Ordinary. His name was spelled frequently as both Grafford and Graffort and sometimes as Crawford and Crauford. Thomas was in Fairfax Co court as both a plaintiff and a defendant too frequently to summarize the cases.

Thomas was on the 1749 Fairfax Co tithables list of taxed men over age 22 with two white men on the list.

On 31 Mar 1752 a license was granted Thomas after he executed a bond to keep an Ordinary at his house in Alexandria for the next year. On 18 May 1753 a license was granted to Thomas to keep an ordinary and John Asheford provided security (Fairfax Co Order Book 1749-1754, 31 Mar 1752, N. S., p. 187.) The court ordered "the several respective ordinary keepers in this County do sell according to the [established annual] rates in money or tobacco at the rate of 10 Shilling p. ct. & that they do not presume to demand more of any person whatsoever. Rates of Liquor &c: for a gallon of rum and so in proportion £0.10.0; Nantz Brandy £0.10.0; a quart of Madera wine £0.3.0; Foyal and other low wines p. quart £0.2.0; Stableage and fodder for a horse twenty four hours or a night £0.0.6; pastureage for a hose twenty four hours or a night £0.0.4; and the other articles are cont's as set last year."

By at least 1752 Thomas was frequently serving on Fairfax Co juries. Thomas also frequently took people to court, likely because of debts at his inn. In 1752 and the first part of 1753 for example Thomas sued to be repaid these small debts:
--18 Oct 1752 Upon hearing the petition of Thomas Grafford against William Gladdin, judgment was granted against Defendant for £1.16.3.3 and costs.
--22 Mar 1753 Thomas Grafford against Robert Colclough – trespass on the case – on Defendant's motion he hath leave to imparle &c.
--24 Mar 1753 Thomas Grafford against Edward Bryant – on petition – considered that Thomas shall recover against Edward £2.17.10.3 & also his costs &c. Thomas Grafford against Gilbert Simpson – on petition – considered that Thomas shall recover against Gilbert £1.11.6 & also his costs &c. Thomas Grafford against Peter Regan – on petition – considered that Thomas shall recover against Peter £2.1.0 and also his costs &c. Thomas Grafford against Thomas Longden – on petition – considered that Grafford shall recover against Longden £2.13.2½ & also his cost &c. Thomas Grafford against William Connelly– on petition – considered that Thomas shall recover against William £1.15.7 & also his costs &c.

On 16 Jan 1754 John West, Gent against Thomas Grafford – in debt – Thomas failed to appear; judgment granted John against Thomas & Gerrard Boling, Robert Mills, William Gladin & John King his common bail for what shall appear to be due unless &c.

A Thomas Grafford was "sent on express," perhaps a requirement to carry correspondence or materials for the Fairfax Co militia on 15 Dec 1755; no rank was listed so he was likely a civilian.

Thomas leased 107 acres of land from Micahel Ragan [Michael Reagan] on 20 July 1756 in Fairfax Co, VA where he opened an ordinary or inn on the west side of the main road running between Alexandria City and Leesburg [present-day Bailey's Crossroads.] This was a strategic location at the crossroads of the two main roads and with egress to the courthouse, the tobacco warehouse and a Potomac River ferry.

One of the more interesting cases against Thomas came to court on 22 Feb 1756. "Samuel Hughes against Thomas Graffort Admr of John Jones – trespass on the case – Defendant by his attorney come and defend the force and injury when &c and the said Plaintiff ought not to have his action thereof against him because he saith that at the time of the Plaintiff's exhibiting his said bill he the said Defendant had fully administered all the goods and chattels which were of the said John then in his hands unadministred whereby the Defendant was not able to pay to the Plaintiff his damages and this he is ready to verify wherefore he prays judgment whether the said Plaintiff ought to have or maintain his said action thereof against him &c. And the Plaintiff saith that notwithstanding anything by the Defendant above alledged in his plea, he ought not to be precluded from having his action because he says that the Defendant hath and at the time of exhibiting the said bill had divers goods and chattels which were of said John at the time of his death then in his hands unadministred to the value of £20 whereby he was able to have satisfyed the said Plaintiff for his damages, and this he prays may be enquired of by the country & said Defendant prays likewise the same. Therefore the Sheriff is commanded that he cause to come here at the next Court twelve free and lawfull men by whom &c and who &c to recognize &c because as well &c."

On 22 Jun 1757 Grand Jury against Thomas Grafford – on presentment – Defendant being sum Thomas Grafford was a farmer in Fairfax Co, VA who operated Grafford's Ordinary. His name was spelled frequently as both Grafford and Graffort and sometimes as Crawford and Crauford. Thomas was in Fairfax Co court as both a plaintiff and a defendant too frequently to summarize the cases. Thomas was on the 1749 Fairfax Co tithables list of taxed men over age 22 with two white men on the list. On 31 Mar 1752 a license was granted Thomas after he executed a bond to keep an Ordinary at his house in Alexandria for the next year. On 18 May 1753 a license was granted to Thomas to keep an ordinary and John Asheford provided security (Fairfax Co Order Book 1749-1754, 31 Mar 1752, N. S., p. 187.) The court ordered "the several respective ordinary keepers in this County do sell according to the [established annual] rates in money or tobacco at the rate of 10 Shilling p. ct. & that they do not presume to demand more of any person whatsoever. Rates of Liquor &c: for a gallon of rum and so in proportion £0.10.0; Nantz Brandy £0.10.0; a quart of Madera wine £0.3.0; Foyal and other low wines p. quart £0.2.0; Stableage and fodder for a horse twenty four hours or a night £0.0.6; pastureage for a hose twenty four hours or a night £0.0.4; and the other articles are cont's as set last year." By at least 1752 Thomas was frequently serving on Fairfax Co juries. Thomas also frequently took people to court, likely because of debts at his inn. In 1752 and the first part of 1753 for example Thomas sued to be repaid these small debts: --18 Oct 1752 Upon hearing the petition of Thomas Grafford against William Gladdin, judgment was granted against Defendant for £1.16.3.3 and costs. --22 Mar 1753 Thomas Grafford against Robert Colclough – trespass on the case – on Defendant's motion he hath leave to imparle &c. --24 Mar 1753 Thomas Grafford against Edward Bryant – on petition – considered that Thomas shall recover against Edward £2.17.10.3 & also his costs &c. Thomas Grafford against Gilbert Simpson – on petition – considered that Thomas shall recover against Gilbert £1.11.6 & also his costs &c. Thomas Grafford against Peter Regan – on petition – considered that Thomas shall recover against Peter £2.1.0 and also his costs &c. Thomas Grafford against Thomas Longden – on petition – considered that Grafford shall recover against Longden £2.13.2½ & also his cost &c. Thomas Grafford against William Connelly– on petition – considered that Thomas shall recover against William £1.15.7 & also his costs &c. On 16 Jan 1754 John West, Gent against Thomas Grafford – in debt – Thomas failed to appear; judgment granted John against Thomas & Gerrard Boling, Robert Mills, William Gladin & John King his common bail for what shall appear to be due unless &c. A Thomas Grafford was "sent on express," perhaps a requirement to carry correspondence or materials for the Fairfax Co militia on 15 Dec 1755; no rank was listed so he was likely a civilian. Thomas leased 107 acres of land from Micahel Ragan [Michael Reagan] on 20 July 1756 in Fairfax Co, VA where he opened an ordinary or inn on the west side of the main road running between Alexandria City and Leesburg [present-day Bailey's Crossroads.] This was a strategic location at the crossroads of the two main roads and with egress to the courthouse, the tobacco warehouse and a Potomac River ferry. One of the more interesting cases against Thomas came to court on 22 Feb 1756. "Samuel Hughes against Thomas Graffort Admr of John Jones – trespass on the case – Defendant by his attorney come and defend the force and injury when &c and the said Plaintiff ought not to have his action thereof against him because he saith that at the time of the Plaintiff's exhibiting his said bill he the said Defendant had fully administered all the goods and chattels which were of the said John then in his hands unadministred whereby the Defendant was not able to pay to the Plaintiff his damages and this he is ready to verify wherefore he prays judgment whether the said Plaintiff ought to have or maintain his said action thereof against him &c. And the Plaintiff saith that notwithstanding anything by the Defendant above alledged in his plea, he ought not to be precluded from having his action because he says that the Defendant hath and at the time of exhibiting the said bill had divers goods and chattels which were of said John at the time of his death then in his hands unadministred to the value of £20 whereby he was able to have satisfyed the said Plaintiff for his damages, and this he prays may be enquired of by the country & said Defendant prays likewise the same. Therefore the Sheriff is commanded that he cause to come here at the next Court twelve free and lawfull men by whom &c and who &c to recognize &c because as well &c." On 22 Jun 1757 Grand Jury against Thomas Grafford – on presentment – Defendant being sum[m]oned & failing to appear, churchwardens of Truro parish to recover against him 20 Shillings for the use of the said parish & also their costs &c. This case may be a result of Thomas running his ordinary without a license. Fairfax Co Circuit Co records show in Nov 1757 Thomas was involved in a lawsuit with Robert Adam and John Kirkpatrick. On 5 Apr 1806 he concluded a bond agreement with George Minor. By 1759 when Simon Pearson built a home on the Middle Turnpike, now known as Leesburg Pike, Thomas already had an ordinary established across the road. On 17 Nov 1762 the records show "We present Thomas Grafford for retailing Spirituous Liquors not having Licence within six months last past to the knowledge of two of us." On 22 Jun 1763 an action was brought by George Johnston, a lawyer, against Thomas Graffort who had been arrested and failed to appear. Judgment was granted the plaintiff against Thomas Graffort and against Simon Pearson as his security. This Thomas Grafford is thought to be the father of Simon's partner, but Thomas could have been his namesake son. On 18 Dec 1764 Thomas Grafford and Simon Pearson among others were ordered by the court to appraise the estate of Jane North, likely their neighbor. In the 1768 Fairfax Co elections Thomas voted for Col George Washington and Col John West. Thomas was listed in the 1782 and 1785 Fairfax Co censuses with four whites living in his home. He is presumed to have died before 22 Sep 1789 because the tithables list refers to "Thomas Grafford's place," an indicator he was no longer alive. On 23 Mar 1769 Philip Ludwell Lee esquire vs Simon Pearson went to trial with Thomas Craufurd [likely his partner's father Thomas Grafford rather than his namesake step-brother] as Simon's witness, and Simon was ordered to pay him 175 pounds for tobacco for attending court for seven days. Once death dates are established for Thomas, then items apportioned between the father and his son by the same name can be more accurately accounted for. Beginning on 23 Nov 1786 the Thomas Grafford in Fairfax Co court serving on juries is noted as Thomas Grafford junior. Thomas Graffort, age 78, was deposed on 19 Jul 1788 in a lawsuit against the mayor of Alexandria regarding the original survey by John West junior of lots along the Potomac River in Alexandria, then a part of Fairfax Co, VA. Thomas was one of the carriers of chains used with stakes to mark off the lot boundaries. Thomas noted to the surveyor that the marshy land between two lots could be given to him for carrying the chains and the surveyor responded that area was to become a ship building yard. On 18 Sep 1790 Thomas Graffort, now age 79, was deposed in a Fairfax County Chancery Court case between West family members concerning the warehouse lots on the Alexandria waterfront. Thomas stated the Wests had a new warehouse constructed there in 1753 when Thomas "... kept tavern in Alexandria..." and as soon as the warehouse was built Thomas "... began to pick tobacco..." there. (Prince William Co, VA Land Causes 1789-1793) Other than Peletiah, the names of Thomas' children are uncertain. Based on these records a Benjamin Grafford may have been Thomas' brother or son: Benjamin Graffort against David Thomas – in debt – suit abates by the Plaintiff's death. (Fairfax Co, VA 1783-1788 Order Book, 20 May 1785, p. 54) Sarah Grafford Admx of Ben. Grafford dec'd against David Thomas, John Thomas & Moses Ball Junr – in debt – this day came Plaintiff by her attorney and Defendant David & John called came not. Plaintiff to recover against David & John £11.8.0 with legal interest from 17 April 1784 till the same is paid and also her costs. Sheriff having ret'd the att'a levied on a hammer & old violin of Deft David & John's estates. Ordered that he sell the same according to law and render the money arising thereby to the Plaintiff towards satisfaction of her debt and costs. The suit is continued against the Defendant Moses. (Fairfax Co, VA 1783-1788 Order Book, 22 Jun 1785, p. 58) Sarah Grafford Admr of Benjamin Grafford dec'd against Moses BALL – in debt – this day came the Plaintiff by Charles Simms her attorney and Defendant by Cleon Moore his attorney relinquishes his plea and confesses the Plaintiff's action. Plaintiff to recover against Defendant £11.8.0 with legal interest from 17 April 1784 till the same is paid and also her costs. (Fairfax Co, VA 1783-1788 Order Book, 19 May 1786, p. 86) Detailed sources: In 2018 Fairfax County, Virginia changed the URLs for historic indexes and records online. Thus URLs below may not be functional but provide the correct type, date and books for searching online. The oldest deed index is at https://www.fairfaxcounty.gov/circuit/sites/circuit/files/assets/documents/pdf/hrc/deed-book-index-1742-1866-l-r.pdf. --Patricia Duncan, Fairfax Co, VA 1749-1808 Minute and Court Orders Abstracts, Heritage Books, 5810 Ruatan St, Berwyn Heights, MD, 20740, softcopy, 2013 (source for Simon Pearson court records below using the page numbers from the abstracts, not the original) --Fairfax Co Order Book 1749-1754, 31 Mar 1752, p. 187 (Thomas Grafford ordinary license) --Fairfax Co Order Book 1749-1754, 18 Oct 1752, p. 143 (Thomas Grafford vs William Gladdin) --Fairfax Co Order Book 1749-1754, 22 Mar 1753, p. 173 (Thomas Grafford vs Robert Colclough) --Fairfax Co Order Book 1749-1754, 24 Mar 1753, p. 176 (Thomas Grafford vs Edward Bryant, vs Gilbert Simpson, vs Peter Regan, vs Thomas Longden, vs William Connelly) --Fairfax Co, VA 1749-1754 Order Book, 16 Jan 1754, p. 232 (John West vs Thomas Grafford) --Fairfax Co, VA 1754-1756 Order Book, Part 1, 20 Mar 1754, p. 21 (Fairfax Co ordinary rates set) --Fairfax Co, VA 1754-1756 Order Book, Part 2, 22 Feb 1755, p. 4, (Samuel Hughes vs Thomas Graffort administrator for John Jones) --Fairfax Co, VA Minutes Book 1756-1763, Part 2, 17 Nov 1762, p. 794. (Thomas Graffort unlicensed ordinary) --Fairfax Co, VA 1756-1763 Minute Book, Part 2, 22 Jun 1763, p. 180 (George Johnston vs Thomas Graffort; Simon Pearson security) --Fairfax Co, VA 1763-1765 Minute Book, 18 Dec 1764, p. 78 (North appraisal – Simon Pearson and Thomas Grafford) --Fairfax Co, VA poll sheet, 1 Dec 1768, http://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-08-02-0115 (Thomas Grafford) --Fairfax Co, VA 1768-1770 Minute Book, 24 Mar 1769, p. 37 (Philip Ludwell Lee vs Simon Pearson; Thomas Craufurd [likely Graffort] witness) --Fairfax Co Court Order Book 1789-1791, Part 1, p. 26 (1789 Fairfax Co Titheables List -- Thomas Graffort) --Fairfax Co Circuit Court, Drawer X, Individuals, http://www.fairfaxcounty.gov/courts/circuit/pdf/drawer-x-index-individuals.pdf --Beth Mitchell, Fairfax Co Road Orders 1749-1800, Fairfax Co History Commission, Charlottesville, VA, Jun 2003, http://www.virginia1774.org/Fairfax%20County%20Road%20Orders%201749-1800.txt (Tavern license for Grafford; quoted above with page references) --Patricia Duncan, Fairfax Co, VA 1749-1808 Minute and Court Orders Abstracts, Heritage Books, 5810 Ruatan St, Berwyn Heights, MD, 20740, softcopy, 2013 (Thomas Grafford/Graffort and Thomas junior court records) --T. Michael Miller, editor, Pen Portraits of Alexandria, Virginia 1739-1900, Heritage Books, Bowie, MD, 1987, p. 3-5. (Thomas Graffort depositions regarding survey)oned & failing to appear, churchwardens of Truro parish to recover against him 20 Shillings for the use of the said parish & also their costs &c. This case may be a result of Thomas running his ordinary without a license.

Fairfax Co Circuit Co records show in Nov 1757 Thomas was involved in a lawsuit with Robert Adam and John Kirkpatrick. On 5 Apr 1806 he concluded a bond agreement with George Minor.

By 1759 when Simon Pearson built a home on the Middle Turnpike, now known as Leesburg Pike, Thomas already had an ordinary established across the road. On 17 Nov 1762 the records show "We present Thomas Grafford for retailing Spirituous Liquors not having Licence within six months last past to the knowledge of two of us."

On 22 Jun 1763 an action was brought by George Johnston, a lawyer, against Thomas Graffort who had been arrested and failed to appear. Judgment was granted the plaintiff against Thomas Graffort and against Simon Pearson as his security. This Thomas Grafford is thought to be the father of Simon's partner, but Thomas could have been his namesake son.

On 18 Dec 1764 Thomas Grafford and Simon Pearson among others were ordered by the court to appraise the estate of Jane North, likely their neighbor.

In the 1768 Fairfax Co elections Thomas voted for Col George Washington and Col John West. Thomas was listed in the 1782 and 1785 Fairfax Co censuses with four whites living in his home. He is presumed to have died before 22 Sep 1789 because the tithables list refers to "Thomas Grafford's place," an indicator he was no longer alive.

On 23 Mar 1769 Philip Ludwell Lee esquire vs Simon Pearson went to trial with Thomas Craufurd [likely his partner's father Thomas Grafford rather than his namesake step-brother] as Simon's witness, and Simon was ordered to pay him 175 pounds for tobacco for attending court for seven days.

Once death dates are established for Thomas, then items apportioned between the father and his son by the same name can be more accurately accounted for. Beginning on 23 Nov 1786 the Thomas Grafford in Fairfax Co court serving on juries is noted as Thomas Grafford junior.

Thomas Graffort, age 78, was deposed on 19 Jul 1788 in a lawsuit against the mayor of Alexandria regarding the original survey by John West junior of lots along the Potomac River in Alexandria, then a part of Fairfax Co, VA. Thomas was one of the carriers of chains used with stakes to mark off the lot boundaries. Thomas noted to the surveyor that the marshy land between two lots could be given to him for carrying the chains and the surveyor responded that area was to become a ship building yard. On 18 Sep 1790 Thomas Graffort, now age 79, was deposed in a Fairfax County Chancery Court case between West family members concerning the warehouse lots on the Alexandria waterfront. Thomas stated the Wests had a new warehouse constructed there in 1753 when Thomas "... kept tavern in Alexandria..." and as soon as the warehouse was built Thomas "... began to pick tobacco..." there. (Prince William Co, VA Land Causes 1789-1793)

Other than Peletiah, the names of Thomas' children are uncertain. Based on these records a Benjamin Grafford may have been Thomas' brother or son: Benjamin Graffort against David Thomas – in debt – suit abates by the Plaintiff's death. (Fairfax Co, VA 1783-1788 Order Book, 20 May 1785, p. 54) Sarah Grafford Admx of Ben. Grafford dec'd against David Thomas, John Thomas & Moses Ball Junr – in debt – this day came Plaintiff by her attorney and Defendant David & John called came not. Plaintiff to recover against David & John £11.8.0 with legal interest from 17 April 1784 till the same is paid and also her costs. Sheriff having ret'd the att'a levied on a hammer & old violin of Deft David & John's estates. Ordered that he sell the same according to law and render the money arising thereby to the Plaintiff towards satisfaction of her debt and costs. The suit is continued against the Defendant Moses. (Fairfax Co, VA 1783-1788 Order Book, 22 Jun 1785, p. 58) Sarah Grafford Admr of Benjamin Grafford dec'd against Moses BALL – in debt – this day came the Plaintiff by Charles Simms her attorney and Defendant by Cleon Moore his attorney relinquishes his plea and confesses the Plaintiff's action. Plaintiff to recover against Defendant £11.8.0 with legal interest from 17 April 1784 till the same is paid and also her costs. (Fairfax Co, VA 1783-1788 Order Book, 19 May 1786, p. 86)


Detailed sources:

In 2018 Fairfax County, Virginia changed the URLs for historic indexes and records online. Thus URLs below may not be functional but provide the correct type, date and books for searching online. The oldest deed index is at https://www.fairfaxcounty.gov/circuit/sites/circuit/files/assets/documents/pdf/hrc/deed-book-index-1742-1866-l-r.pdf.

--Patricia Duncan, Fairfax Co, VA 1749-1808 Minute and Court Orders Abstracts, Heritage Books, 5810 Ruatan St, Berwyn Heights, MD, 20740, softcopy, 2013 (source for Simon Pearson court records below using the page numbers from the abstracts, not the original)
--Fairfax Co Order Book 1749-1754, 31 Mar 1752, p. 187 (Thomas Grafford ordinary license)
--Fairfax Co Order Book 1749-1754, 18 Oct 1752, p. 143 (Thomas Grafford vs William Gladdin)
--Fairfax Co Order Book 1749-1754, 22 Mar 1753, p. 173 (Thomas Grafford vs Robert Colclough)
--Fairfax Co Order Book 1749-1754, 24 Mar 1753, p. 176 (Thomas Grafford vs Edward Bryant, vs Gilbert Simpson, vs Peter Regan, vs Thomas Longden, vs William Connelly)
--Fairfax Co, VA 1749-1754 Order Book, 16 Jan 1754, p. 232 (John West vs Thomas Grafford)
--Fairfax Co, VA 1754-1756 Order Book, Part 1, 20 Mar 1754, p. 21 (Fairfax Co ordinary rates set)
--Fairfax Co, VA 1754-1756 Order Book, Part 2, 22 Feb 1755, p. 4, (Samuel Hughes vs Thomas Graffort administrator for John Jones)
--Fairfax Co, VA Minutes Book 1756-1763, Part 2, 17 Nov 1762, p. 794. (Thomas Graffort unlicensed ordinary)
--Fairfax Co, VA 1756-1763 Minute Book, Part 2, 22 Jun 1763, p. 180 (George Johnston vs Thomas Graffort; Simon Pearson security)
--Fairfax Co, VA 1763-1765 Minute Book, 18 Dec 1764, p. 78 (North appraisal – Simon Pearson and Thomas Grafford)
--Fairfax Co, VA poll sheet, 1 Dec 1768, http://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-08-02-0115 (Thomas Grafford)
--Fairfax Co, VA 1768-1770 Minute Book, 24 Mar 1769, p. 37 (Philip Ludwell Lee vs Simon Pearson; Thomas Craufurd [likely Graffort] witness)
--Fairfax Co Court Order Book 1789-1791, Part 1, p. 26 (1789 Fairfax Co Titheables List -- Thomas Graffort)
--Fairfax Co Circuit Court, Drawer X, Individuals, http://www.fairfaxcounty.gov/courts/circuit/pdf/drawer-x-index-individuals.pdf
--Beth Mitchell, Fairfax Co Road Orders 1749-1800, Fairfax Co History Commission, Charlottesville, VA, Jun 2003, http://www.virginia1774.org/Fairfax%20County%20Road%20Orders%201749-1800.txt (Tavern license for Grafford; quoted above with page references)
--Patricia Duncan, Fairfax Co, VA 1749-1808 Minute and Court Orders Abstracts, Heritage Books, 5810 Ruatan St, Berwyn Heights, MD, 20740, softcopy, 2013 (Thomas Grafford/Graffort and Thomas junior court records)
--T. Michael Miller, editor, Pen Portraits of Alexandria, Virginia 1739-1900, Heritage Books, Bowie, MD, 1987, p. 3-5. (Thomas Graffort depositions regarding survey.)

Children of Thomas Grafford I